Are you an Ethical Person? Take a Quiz to find out

When it comes to accounting, people often believe it to be very rigid and structured. But as we all know, “it depends” is a very common answer when it comes to the treatment of various accounting issues. At what point does something become an ethical issue? Well…it depends. It’s also not as clear as some …

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Operational Reviews of Arizona Courts

Navigating Arizona’s court financial system can be confusing, even more so with a recent switch between AZTEC and AJACS systems. The state completed the transition by June 30, 2020 and now everyone can begin learning the user-friendly system! Don’t miss: Culture of busy-ness Each court is required to complete the following, to adhere to compliance …

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Culture of busy-ness

We are always busy, right? We don’t have time for another meeting. Your boss gave you another report deadline, your kid has soccer practice, and you haven’t had a haircut in four months. But yet, we just spent the last 45 minutes catching up with a fellow colleague about the weekend concert. How can we …

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The bank reconciliation process

The general ledger contains a record of your company’s cash transactions while the bank statement records all money moving in and out of an account. Theoretically these should result in the same cash balance, however, that is rarely the case. To ensure that these two items balance it is important to perform regular reviews called …

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Is fraud happening in your organization?

We know the fraud triangle is made up of opportunity, pressure and rationalization. For many businesses, all three can occur. Dishonest employees learn the ins and outs of your organization and find ways to commit fraud without raising suspicion. Discussed below are the three biggest areas employee fraud can occur within your organization. Don’t miss: …

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GFOA blue book gets an update

The Government Finance Officers Association (or GFOA) is a professional association of state, provincial, and local government finance officers in the United States and Canada. They have recently published the Tenth Edition of Governmental Accounting, Auditing, and Financial Reporting (GAAFR or “Blue Book”) in July 2020. Don’t miss: Yellow book changes GFOA is an organization in …

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What’s the deal with conflicts of interest?

In recent years conflict of interest reporting has become a major topic of discussion during audits, but why? First a conflict of interest can be identified as this: “Any public officer or employee of a public agency who has, or whose relative has, a substantial interest in any contract, sale, purchase or service to such …

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Yellow book changes

Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards (GAGAS), commonly referred to as the “Yellow Book,” were revised and issued in July 2018 by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO). For financial audits, attestation engagements, and reviews of financial statements, the changes in the 2018 Yellow Book are effective for the periods ending on or after June 30, …

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Legal compliance questionnaire changes

Every year the Charter School Board publishes the current year changes for the Uniform System of Financial Records for Arizona Charter Schools (USFRCS); also known as the Questionnaire or State requirements. This Questionnaire provides guidelines based on Arizona State Legislature for Charter Schools to comply and hold accountable for financial reporting. As a reminder, Charter …

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The importance of segregation of duties

Perhaps one of the most crucial controls an entity can have is the segregation of duties. Basically, this requires multiple people within a process to complete an objective so that no one is in charge of the process from start to finish. As you begin to think of the different processes within your entity and …

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